Pet Arthritis Treatments

Pet Arthritis Treatments

Pet Arthritis Treatments

Pet arthritis treatments that target the causes of joint disease contain ingredients that can protect and rebuild cartilage. This is key to the prevention and treatment of arthritis in dogs, as cartilage breakdown is the main cause of this disease and its crippling symptoms. Long-term joint management requires the building blocks necessary to produce new, healthy cartilage. A program of nutritional supplements that provide these nutrients increases a dog’s chances of living without pain.

Nutritional Pet Arthritis Treatments

Several naturally occurring compounds that promote joint health have been identified. As a group, these are referred to as chondroprotectives. They have become the basis for formulations that aim to protect, rebuild and maintain cartilage and safeguard the overall health of the joints. Two such compounds are glucosamine and chondroitin. Glucosamine is a sugar and amino acid compound that an essential component of cartilage. Chondroitin gives cartilage its elasticity.

Other substances found in nutritional pet arthritis treatments address the destructive forces that damage cartilage. Free radicals and oxidative stress are by-products of metabolism that attack healthy cells and cause them to lose their function. The body, to fight them, produces antioxidants. When the body can no longer do this on its own, nutritional supplements can fill in the gap by providing an additional supply. These antioxidants, when combined with chondroprotective substances, are a powerful weapon in the fight against joint disease.

These compounds are found in pet arthritis treatments that aim to not only reduce pain but also eliminate the source of the problem. When cartilage is rebuilt, and the body strengthened against disease, arthritis symptoms become less of a factor in a dog’s everyday life. Stiffness and swelling are diminished, and ordinary activities become easier to do.…

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On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection was first published 24th November 1859. 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of this landmark publication.

H.M.S. Beagle

Charles Robert Darwin was born in 1809 and studied medicine, later changing to divinity at Cambridge University. A fellow naturalist told Darwin that seeds originating from South Atlantic islands germinated in the Kerguelen Islands in the far south of the Indian Ocean. Intrigued, Darwin signed up for a five year scientific expedition of the southern oceans on the survey ship HMS Beagle.

Lyell’s Geology

Darwin, an avid reader read Lyell’s Principles of Geology which described fossils found in rocks that had lived thousands, possibly millions of years ago. Darwin broadened his inquiring mind by observing the rich variety of animal life and the geological features including recently cooled lava, on the Galapagos Islands, some 800km west of South America. Darwin failed to capture samples of the finches which were closely related but unique to each island on which he spent only 5 weeks. Darwin noticed the mockingbirds and retained samples of several varieties.


The Theory of Evolution

Darwin returned to England in 1836 and later proposed the theory of evolution by means of natural selection. The species best suited to their environment are most likely to survive and reproduce with the species gradually changing over time. Darwin worked on his theory until, when in 1858 Alfred Wallace proposed a similar idea, the pair made a joint announcement of their discovery. In 1859 Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.

Experimentation through observation

Darwin lived a long life and conducted many simple experiments to prove or disprove natural selection. Darwin soaked many plant seed species, some 125 in number, in salt water and concluded that peas and beans were capable of making a long sea voyage and germinate, thereby explaining the Kerguelen Islands flora.

Erosion over millions of years

Darwin calculated the rate of erosion of the chalk cliffs of Dover thereby dating their formation to 600 million years ago.

Darwin proved that mice and bees had an affect on red clover proliferation. Mice attack beehives thereby reducing clover pollination. Domestic cats reduce the numbers of mice so that bees thrive increasing the pollination and proliferation of red clover.

Darwin’s controversy

Darwin’s theory concluded mankind evolved from the tree of life, thereby offending religious orders. Darwin never stated that man was descended from monkeys – his theory implied it.

Darwin, a prolific writer in later life, wrote books and articles on his observations of the wonders of thenatural world.…

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Dachshunds as Political Animals: Doted on By Queen Victoria, President Cleveland, and James Carville

Dachshunds as Political Animals: Doted on By Queen Victoria, President Cleveland, and James Carville

Dachshunds as Political Animals: Doted on By Queen Victoria, President Cleveland, and James Carville

Although not seen with modern high-profile celebrities as much as breeds like Yorkies and Chihuahuas, dachshunds still manage to keep good company thanks to their varying sizes, coats, good demeanor, and a confident streak of independence that tends to delight those with powerful, high-stress positions.

Origins of the Dachshund

Originally bred to hunt small animals such as badgers, the breed maintains its sense of smell and intense curiosity. Useful for European farmers, dachshunds also became prized by the British royal family, which is well known for its devotion to both hunting and dogs in general, making this scent hound an ideal companion dog. With its unique long, low-to-the-ground form, dachshunds have appeared in engravings and paintings at least since the 1700s.

Queen Victoria and Her Dachshund at Windsor Castle

The long-reigning Queen Victoria of England and descendant of the German House of Hanover kept a series of dachshunds from the 1840s to about the 1880s. One of her favorites, Dacko (1859 – 1871), was immortalized with a bronze statue on the grounds of Windsor Castle. Dacko and other dachshunds appear in many watercolours and sketches in the Royal Collection.

Presidents Cleveland and Kennedy: Two Very Different Experiences

President Grover Cleveland and his wife Frances had a dachshund in addition to their beagle, French poodle and a St. Bernard plus cows and chickens, making a dachshund a very tame responsibility in comparison. While in Germany, John F. Kennedy bought a dachshund for only eight dollars for a friend but had an allergic reaction to the dog he named Offie plus a dislike for the dog’s poor housetraining habits.

Dachshunds in the Military

During World War II, many of the commanders had their own dogs with them overseas and United States Air Force General Claire Chennault owned a dachshund named Joe. Because of their German breeding, dachshunds lost considerable popularity during World Wars I and II, and Rommel’s fondness for his dachshund didn’t help the breed’s American standing.


The Other Political Animals

Thanks to the small size and tenacious nature of the miniature dachshund, several have found homes in the current political world in both parties. Donald Rumsfeld had a miniature dachshund named Reggie. Republican advisor Mary Matalin and Democrat advisor James Carville share their home with their daughters and two dachshunds.

The Long and Short of It

Whether owned by royalty, movers and shakers, or by people just looking for a good family dog, dachshunds telegraph their owners’ appreciation for an amusing breed that attracts artists, writers, politicians and royalty.…

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The Komodo Dragon – Indonesia

The Komodo Dragon – Indonesia

The Komodo Dragon – Indonesia

‘Komodo National Park’ takes in an area of approximately 1000 sq km. The park gained its name from the very animals that it protects, the Komodo Dragons. The park is known locally as the lesser Sunda islands of Rinca and Komodo, Gili and Montang. The sparsely vegetated arid volcanic landscape offers little available water and is considered to be to inhospitable to anyone or anything except the Komodo Dragon.

One Bite will Kill

In the breeding season males are drawn into savage conflict with other males; however the Komodo Dragon is usually a solitary creature that daily monitors and defends his area, only allowing other dragons access through when on a food mission. An attack on prey will usually occur as a solitary process, however when the animal is maimed Komodo Dragons will join forces and using their teeth as expert killing machines will finish the victim off.

The carnivorous and cannibalistic dragon will attack any animal from a deer, pigs, water buffalo and have even been known to attack small humans; with their huge serrated teeth they can inflict terrible damage. Once bitten the attacked creature will die, there is no chance that the wound will recover as the bacteria on the teeth and in the saliva will cause death to the animal within a relatively short period of time. For larger animals such as the water buffalo death can occur approximately two to three weeks after being bitten. Toxins from the saliva create infection invading the central nervous system weakening the victim until finally death occurs. David Attenborough in his program ‘Life’ describes the dragon as having venom like a snake. The venom can take several weeks to bring down a full sized water buffalo. The dragons’ strong sense of smell will alert them that death is imminent and they will stay close to their victims gradually closing in on the weakened prey. Dragons will often finish off the animal and will then begin their feeding frenzy that will last until there is nothing left of the animal. Dragons have been known to strip a buffalo to the bone in just 4 hours.


Komodo Dragon Information

Komodo Dragons live from 20 to 40 years. It is only during breeding season when these reptiles have any form of socialization, and that is as a direct result of a need to breed. The male dragon needing to gain information about the female’s receptiveness to breeding will initially flick the female dragon with his forked tongue; he will then scratch the female’s back with his claws. If the female dragon does not want any advance she will inflate her neck and hiss loudly, alerting the male to her being unreceptive to his advances.

The female dragon will generally use an abandoned Brush Turkey nest in which to lay her clutch of around 30 eggs and when hatched the baby dragons are roughly 15 inches long, weighing about 3.5 ounces.

Dragons have been known to swim from one island to another; however, remarkable as it may be, they have remained within the confines of the park. The reptilian appearance of the dragon has caused them to be mistaken for crocodiles. The elongated shape of the dragon and its ribbed bone structure could indeed allude to this mistake.

The Komodo Dragon is considered to be the only reptile that still rules the land, dominating in its surrounds because it has no competition. However because of the uniqueness of the animal and its relatively small numbers, it has been included on the list of the worlds endangered species.

Do not underestimate the dragon and care should be taken when visiting the island. To ensure safe passage through the Komodo National Park it is strongly advised to use the services of a guide.…

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Facts About the Real Gecko

Facts About the Real Gecko

Facts About the Real Gecko

There isn’t just one type of gecko. The Geico gecko has numerous relatives. There are, in fact, over 2,000 species of geckos around the world. Although geckos have the classic reptilian appearance with a long, slender body and a significant tail, there is great diversity in the exact physical appearance of geckos.

Common Physical Traits of Geckos

Geckos are properly classified as “lizards,” included in a larger group of reptiles known as squamata which includes less friendly relatives like the large and dangerous Komodo dragon and the poisonous Gila monster. The typical gecko is much smaller than its larger cousins and not to be feared by humans. Species range in size from less than an inch to over two feet as adults. Color variations and patterns vary widely and offer good camouflage depending on the environment of the particular species. The best way to appreciate the diversity in appearance is to look at different geckos. Some species can change color like garden chameleons. Geckos come in a variety of patterns, colors, and textures.

Unlike most lizards, geckos can make chirping sounds similar to bird sounds. These sounds are generally associated with the mating ritual. The diet of most geckos consists of a variety of insects, although some feed on fruits. They are skilled climbers with special, microscopic structures that allow them to scale most surfaces, including glass and smooth walls. Geckos can even climb across ceilings without falling.

They have no true eyelids. Instead a thin, transparent membrane protects the eye. They prefer darker habitats as their eyes are quite sensitive. Geckos are nocturnal, preferring to hunt at night. They are common in tropical regions where temperatures remain warm to moderate all year.

Geckos as Pets

Geckos – particularly the leopard gecko – are prized as pets. Some people are surprised that lizards can be expensive, as geckos can cost as much as $250, with $60 being a common price. They can adapt well to people and make interesting pets, living for 10 years or more when given proper care.


Geckos prefer not to live alone and thrive in a roomy environment. A 20 gallon aquarium or larger is a good size for two or three geckos, but only one should be a male to avoid competition for female attention. Obviously, because they are skilled climbers, they require a home that is enclosed all around. The crickets, meal worms and similar insects are appreciated as is a container for water.

Geckos have adapted well to tropical regions around the world and require temperatures characteristic of the tropics. Temperatures from 75 degrees to 88 degrees are well-tolerated with brief cooler periods not below 73 degrees. They like a sandy ground to walk on.

The Geico gecko resembles the Wellington Green gecko of the northern island of New Zealand, The accent might be genuine if one made the short trip to Australia and hung out with the locals there.

Geckos are unique among the lizard world with the abilities to chirp and climb straight up flat surfaces. They are tropical animals, and species are found around the world. Some species make good pets and may live for a decade or more.…

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Strange 'Monster' Species Photographed in Canada

Strange 'Monster' Species Photographed in Canada

Strange 'Monster' Species Photographed in Canada

Every now and then there are reported sightings of ‘monsters’, with people around the world claiming to encounter aquatic behemoths, like ‘The Lochness Monster’, sasquatches like ‘Bigfoot’ and ‘Yeti’, as well as ‘Big Cats’ in areas that have no such species, or the vampiric reptilian demon ‘El Chupacabra’.

But occasionally other reported sightings of totally new animal species receive worldwide attention. Due to their odd features and unrecognizable appearance they are usually labelled as ‘monsters’ or ‘cryptids’ which are species that have no scientific consensus of their existence.

The Big Trout Lake Monster

The latest report of a sighting was by two nurses in Ontario, Canada earlier this month, when their dog dragged a 30 centimetre creature out from the causeway of a reserve located in the First Nation’s (indigenous) community of Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug or Big Trout Lake.

The nurses took photos of the creature but as they were not local to the area, they left it behind believing that it was native to the regional area that they weren’t familiar with.

When they realized the scientific importance of their discovery they returned to the location but the animals’ corpse had vanished.


Currently fisherman are dragging the lake trying to find the creature, which is a snaggle-toothed

animal, with matted fur, a bald face and rat like tail. Some speculations suggest that is an otter-beaver hybrid or simply an ordinary creature that has been sculpted into its strange appearance by decomposition in the water.

Natives to the area however have a name and history for the creature, with one local business owner telling The Ontario Star that the creature had not been seen for over 40 years and that the elders referred to it as omajinaakoos, which translates into English as ‘The Ugly One’ and is allegedly an omen of bad news.

The Montauk Monster

The discovery of the Big Trout Lake Monster has drawn comparisons to the Montauk Monster that washed up on a beach in New York, USA on the 12th of July, 2008.

The creature was photographed by three friends Jenna Hewitt, Rachel Goldberg and Courtney Fruin who were on Ditch Plains Beach when they saw a crowd of people gathered around the creature and approached them.

The creature itself was a hairless rodent-like mammal, the size of a small stocky dog with slender limbs, claws and tails and with what many described as a hooked, bony “dinosaur beak”.

The carcass once again vanished so that it could not be studied, but speculations as to the animal’s identity include a turtle with its shell removed, a dog, pig or a raccoon. Other theories involve the carcass being a mutant from a nearby Animal Disease Centre or as the result of animal testing, while others suggest that it was viral marketing ploy for indie movie Splinterheads or for television show Cryptids are Real.

The three women responsible for the photos have denied that the pictures were edited with Photoshop.

In May 2009 there were further reports of the Montauk monster returning to New York by Nicky Papers, who later went on to create the site 

The Panamanian Gollum

In September 2009 another strange creature was seen in Cero Azul, Panama by a group of teenagers who, fearing for their safety, attacked the animal after it crawled out of a cave and approached them.

After they beat it to death, the teens tossed the carcass into a lake.

Photos of the animal show it to be about 150cm in height, hairless and with rubbery skin and bearing a resemblance to the character ‘Gollum’ from The Lord of the Rings. It’s hooked claws have raised the popular theory that it is hairless sloth. Other speculations are that it could be a pit bull terrier.

Though as the carcass of the animal was reportedly torn apart by buzzards and no carcass remained to study, nobody knows for certainty what exactly this animal or the Montauk and Big Trout Lake monsters truly are.…

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Ten Year Marine Biodiversity Census Finds New Ocean Species

Ten Year Marine Biodiversity Census Finds New Ocean Species

Ten Year Marine Biodiversity Census Finds New Ocean SpeciesThe Census of Marine Life, a ten–year study of earth’s ocean ecosystems, has already produced more than 2,600 publications. The impact of this project on marine life conservation is yet to be completely understood, but information that will aid ocean conservation organizations in protecting marine biodiversity is already available.

Overview of the Census of Marine Life and Global Marine Biodiversity

The Census used National and Regional Implementation Committees (NRICs) to coordinate activities throughout fifteen designated regions. In addition to studying the marine ecosystems of each regions, the Census also looked at factors affecting the research such as how many research vessels and scientists were involved in each country.

Australia, where 32,889 aquatic species were identified ranked highest for biodiversity with Japan’s 32,777 species a close second. But South Korea, China, South Africa, the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Mexico recorded more species per unit area. Crustaceans, mollusks and fish accounted for about half of the variety of species


Census of Marine Life Finds New Species and Identifies Threats to the Ocean BIodiversity

The coordinated research conducted over the past ten years has done a great deal for ocean ecosystem knowledge. At least 1,200 new species of aquatic plants and animals were discovered or more completely described with many more still under study to determine whether they are new species or distinct subspecies or subpopulations.

Not surprisingly, the most serious threats found in all marine regions were overfishing, habitat loss and pollution. Increasing ocean temperatures, hypoxia and acidification were also among the most commonly noted threats. Impacts from aquaculture and maritime traffic were also reported, with the Mediterranean Region being an area where they were of highest concern.

Another potentially worrying finding was the high estimates of invasive alien species present in various ocean environments. Once again the Mediterranean Region, where 600 alien species were identified, seems to be the worst hit. This number represents about 4% of all species identified in the region. In several other regions, invasive alien species accounted for up to 2% of the marine life identified.

Census of Marine Life Shows Need for Further Marine Education

Despite the amount of information gathered during the Census of Marine Life, it is estimated that 70 to 80% of species in Australia, Japan, the Mediterranean deep sea, New Zealand and South Africa have yet to be identified. Based on this information, it is possible that there may be between 1 and 1.4 million marine species on earth.

Many of these creatures dwell in the deep ocean where advancing technology will make it easier to study them but in other cases it is simply a lack of funding or personnel to do the work needed to properly describe the species. Just as rainforest conservation efforts protect wildlife species that are just now being discovered and described, greater ocean conservation efforts are needed to ensure the future of as yet undiscovered marine species.…

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Lawanda Cox

Lawanda Cox

Lawanda Cox

If you would like to know more about my background as a researcher and writer, visit Library Consultant Services LLC website, As a former librarian with both a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Fine Art and a Masters of Science degree in Information Science (Library Science) with a minor in Instructional technology from Wayne State University. In the time of my life, with an extensive background in my field of work, I have acquired on the job experience with computer research, document processing, desktop publishing talent, and the skill in developing small resource centers. As a technical librarian for Ford Motor Company, hired through Bartech, Inc., a temporary employment agency in Dearborn, Michigan, I was given the responsibility of not only managing the departmental resource center, but I actually designed and created it. I also published a departmental library center newsletter and provided acquisition services for engineers needing special manuals and professional related documents. I served Ford Motor Company’s Wheel and Tire Division for two years until they were forced to downsize the engineering staff in which the need for the department resource center was made obsolete. The managers of that department in which I am proud , gave me a most favorable recommendation. Before being hired to Ford Motor Company, I was a technical librarian for the United States Army Corps. Of Engineers in Detroit, hired by a consultant agency, Action Management Corporation, now one of my prospective clients. I learned website designing while servicing them and began my own personal website, My Corner of the World Newsletter, thereafter. I found that I could publish my ideas and writings and expose them to more people than I could any other way. So I decided that I would take my librarianship in another direction that combined my traditional library skills, artistic creative skills and research talent into one conglomerate.

Because I am comfortable working independently and having the jurisdiction of making my own decision about the operation of my business, I can design client requests without hindrance. I feel that being an entrepreneur suffices my objectives. Researching and locating historical and rare information is one of my strongest attributes in the Information research field.


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The Iguana Chef – Preparing the Daily Feeding

The Iguana Chef – Preparing the Daily Feeding

The Iguana Chef – Preparing the Daily Feeding

There’s no need to learn a fancy way to chop food, but it is gratifying to see the iguana’s body suddenly shift toward the feeding dish in excitement at the sight of his favorite foods. If time at the cutting board seems wasted, consider chopping some veggies for the family’s meal at the same time.

Great Iguana Diet Avoids Metabolic Bone Disease

By being intentional about the iguana’s diet (as well as other aspects of iguana care), the pet owner can avoid metabolic bone disease which can lead to death. The most simple way to keep the iguana’s diet healthy is to understand which foods should be considered a staple and acceptable as a high percentage of the daily consumption, and which foods should be occasional or be provided as a smaller percentage. Consideration should also be given to growing an iguana garden.


Prepare Iguana Food and Family Food on the Same Cutting Board

Here’s a recipe for the family iguana and his human family. Please take note of items indicated for humans only. Recipe does not mention quantities. Adjust per your pet’s and family’s needs.


  • collards, chopped finely
  • green onions (for humans only)
  • olive oil (humans only)
  • salad dressing (humans only)
  • Romaine lettuce (humans only)
  • red bell pepper, chopped finely
  • nasturtium blossoms and leaves
  • butternut squash, chopped finely
  • whole wheat bread (three to four very small pieces cubed for pet)
  • three blueberries (for iguana only)
  • powdered calcium supplement (for pet only)

Instructions for Iguana Portion (and Chopping for Human and Pet):

  1. Rinse enough collard leaves for size of the pet and the rest of the family.
  2. Cut center stem out.
  3. Place leaves on top of each other and roll.
  4. Slice through lengthwise, turning and holding leaves firmly.
  5. Make horizontal chops through the collards. If the pet is recovering from metabolic bone disease, chop more finely.
  6. Chop all veggies except for nasturtium blossoms and blueberries. Use a separate cutting board for green onions.
  7. Mix all chopped iguana veggies together (no onions).
  8. Sprinkle calcium supplement on veggies and mix thoroughly.
  9. Soak bread cubes in water and/or medicine
  10. Place blueberries, nasturtiums and bread cubes on top. This is especially important if medicine is in the flowers or the bread to ensure it is eaten before the pet becomes full.
  11. Spray all veggies with a mist of water.
  12. Feed iguana. Watch and enjoy.

Instructions for Human Portion:

  1. Saute 2/3 of chopped green onions in olive oil for three minutes.
  2. Add remainder of collards, 2/3 of red pepper, all of butternut squash and saute until softened.
  3. Season cooked veggies with salt or other seasoning to taste.
  4. Toast whole wheat bread sufficient for family members.
  5. Rinse and chop romaine lettuce.
  6. Prepare a salad with chopped lettuce, green onions, and red peppers.
  7. Place nasturtium blossoms and leaves on top (edible and delicious).
  8. Serve cooked veggies, salad and whole wheat bread with a main dish.
  9. Keep iguana company while eating.

Making the preparation of the pet’s diet an integral part of the family meal preparation will not only improve the iguana’s diet, but the family’s as well. Foods that are healthy for these exotic reptiles are also healthful for humans.…

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Javan Gibbon Is Critically Endangered: Pet Trade and Habitat Loss Biggest Threats to Indonesia’s Primates

Javan Gibbon Is Critically Endangered: Pet Trade and Habitat Loss Biggest Threats to Indonesia’s Primates

Javan Gibbon Is Critically Endangered: Pet Trade and Habitat Loss Biggest Threats to Indonesia’s Primates

An ever increasing human population is putting pressure on Indonesia’s forests. One of the 14 species of gibbon, the Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch) is in serious danger of becoming extinct as those forests disappear. The human fascination with exotic pets, especially primates, is another problem for Javan gibbons.

The Javan or Silvery Gibbon

The only critically endangered gibbon in Indonesia, the Javan or Silvery Gibbon, is restricted to small areas of western and central Java. These gibbons live in monogamous family groups with parents and juvenile offspring making up the social structure. They live almost entirely in the trees and can be highly aggressive to other gibbons entering their territory.

Javan Gibbons in the Pet Trade

Taking infant Javan gibbons for illegal trade as pets is a significant problem for two reasons. The obvious one is the loss of the young of the year from the population, reducing the potential future reproductive rate for the species.

But the method of capture presents an even bigger threat. Females are killed so the babies can be taken easily. Only limited numbers of wild animals survive to adulthood. Reproductive rates quickly drop if too many breeding age females are killed. Younger females may breed in this situation but they are often less able to rear their young properly.

Deforestation of Gibbon Habitat

Sadly, Indonesia has the world’s highest deforestation rate. These losses directly affect the Javan gibbons who need the fruit from the trees for food and the safety of the forest canopy for survival. As with the Hoolock gibbon, fragmentation of forest areas inhibits movement for the Javan species. This adds to the reduction in genetic diversity, as these monogamous primates are unable to join new social groups when they reach adulthood.

Efforts to Save the Javan Gibbon

Slowing the rate of deforestation, in particular reducing the fragmentation of forested areas by creating national parks and reserves and providing alternative means of employment and food production for the growing human population of Indonesia are the primary focus of Javan gibbon conservation work.

Nearly half of the wild population lives in three protected areas- Gunung Halimun National Park, Gunung Salak Protected Forest and Gunung Gede-Pangrango National Park. The areas are part of an integrated conservation management program which is attempting to maintain and increase their size and the wildlife corridors between them. As the area provides drinking water to Jakarta, the country’s capital, even those who have no interest in wildlife have a stake in maintaining the watershed.

Javan gibbons confiscated from the illegal pet trade, or voluntarily given up when awareness and outreach programs are successful, are being cared for at the Javan Gibbon Centre. While many of the confiscated gibbons will not be able to be returned to the wild, the young of those that reproduce may be used in reintroduction programs once genetic information is obtained.

This combined approach may help protect the Javan gibbon from the fate of the Chinese subspecies of White-Handed gibbon, which is now believed extinct.…

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